Hebrew Lesson Number 26:

Rosh HaShana



As the beginning of a New Year is the perfect time to look ahead, it is also a great time to master the future tense in Hebrew.  Let's do that while enjoying the holiday with Liat's family and Eran's new girlfriend, Ronit!





Introduction to Lesson 26: 

Rosh HaShana



As Liat and Eran were schmoozing about their plans for the upcoming Rosh Hashana holiday, Jonathan overheard them and decided that their conversation was even better than the lesson they had just recorded.  They are such good sports . . . they agreed to record the lesson again.


Learn Hebrew Pod - Lesson 26


Rosh Hashana is actually the perfect time for starting over again.  It is a time of hatchalot chadashot--new beginnings.  As we hear about Liat’s and Eran’s plans for the holiday, we have a really good opportunity to look to the future . . . the Hebrew future tense, that is!


ברוכים הבאים לעתיד


Rosh Hashana is also a great time to learn the names of the Hebrew months on the Jewish calendar. And since we'll need a way to describe how much we love holidays, we’ll learn a cool Hebrew slang expression for saying we’re crazy about something.


החברה שלי


Speaking of being crazy about something (or someone) . . . it seems that Eran has a new girlfriend, Ronit, whom he is crazy about.  And they are headed to Eilat for the holiday, and then to spend the weekend diving and dancing in the clubs.  Sounds like a good start to a good year!  And we at Learn Hebrew Pod wish you the same--a shana tova u-metuka!  A good and sweet year!!






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Jonathan: A note for our students: as you have probably noticed, the vocabulary chart on our audio/visual Hebrew lessons include the words written in Hebrew as well as in their transliteration. A version of the words with vowels is included on the Reading Practice which is found under the Read Tab of the Learn Hebrew Pod website. 

In the audio/visual sessions as well as in the PDF, we will give you just the word, written in Hebrew, without vowel signs. 

With that, you will be able to practice the two common ways of reading used in Israel: 

with vowels, as can be found in the Bible, Poetry etc. and without vowels, as in Israeli newspapers, most of the fiction books published today and so on.


עיתון


We would like to recommend again that you use and take advantage of our very special Hebrew reading course. 

As Learn Hebrew Pod members, you have access to this unique, professional and innovative course, which consists of two audio/visual lessons and 32 short reading exercises. 



These will make you skilled and seasoned Hebrew readers in just a few hours of studying, which will then enable you to have a much more thorough understanding of the grammar and intrinsic structure of Hebrew.

One last word before we continue, to our new listeners. 

If you are not familiar with Hebrew, please consider using our course, starting with Lesson One. All of the podcasts are available on iTunes and the full program is available for you on our website. 

Learn Hebrew Pod is a step-by-step professional Hebrew course. Many words are taught through the various episodes of the program.  As well, we use a 'brick by brick' system of acquiring an understanding, and becoming familiar with Hebrew grammar. 


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Studying Hebrew is an amazing thing. Give yourselves this present for the New Year or just because it's enriching and fun.







Some Grammar from This Lesson:

The Infinitive Form/The Verb Nasa 

 



דקדוק 


Jonathan: Let's listen to these verbs again, but now, not in the order that they appear in your Hebrew conversation, but in their different categories and conjugations.  

A form with which we are not yet familiar, and which will be one of our main concerns on the lessons in the near future, is the Infinitive. This is considered the 'origin' of the verb and is identified by the word 'to' which precedes it, such as to dance, to sing, to write etc.



In Hebrew it involves the prefix 'le' meaning 'to', which is attached to the infinitive form of the verb. It appears in Liat's sentence:

אנחנו בטח נקפוץ לבקר את המשפחה של אחותי בצפון. 

We will probably drop by to visit my sister's family in the north.

Jonathan: As the English translation might not sound perfectly correct here, we have matched the better option, in order to correlate between the languages. 

This is due to the fact that the infinitive form always appears after another verb.  

Please just take note of this phenomenon, as we will refer to it soon, on a future lesson.  


לבקר


For now, let's just get acquainted with the basic structure of the infinitive form: le-vaker. The prefix 'l' and the root of the verb: BK and – betkuf and resh.


נסענו לבקר חברים


Liat: As Intermediate Level students, I'm sure we're all familiar with the structure of the next verb: na-sa-nunasanu. The 'nu' suffix indicates the 'we' conjugation in the past tense, for both male and female:

הרבה זמן לא נסענו לשם. 

We haven't traveled there for a long time.

Eran: The root of the verb is NS and A, in Hebrew: nunsamech and a-yin. The a-yin is a guttural letter so it almost 'disappears' or is very lightly pronounced in different conjugations. 

If we compare nasanu to rakadnu, we realize that with rakadnu, we hear all of the root letters RK and DRaKaDnu. In NaSanu, the third root letter kind of disappears.



       

לרקוד במועדונים

Jonathan: And as mentioned before, guttural letters and their special attributes in Hebrew will be discussed further, on future lessons. Let's just mention that for purposes of clarity in translation, the root NSA has been translated in this paragraph as 'travel'. We will soon see this root again, but translated as 'to go by vehicle'.


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