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Hebrew Lesson Number 33:

Going to the Doctor



While recording Lesson shloshim ve-shalosh of Learn Hebrew Pod, Liat ve-Eran didn't feel well. Let's join them as they set up an appointment with a Doctor-tor lerofe…maybe getting a shot sounds better in Hebrew!






Introduction to Lesson 33: 

Going to the Doctor



Learn Hebrew Pod - Lesson No. 33


It’s just no fun--getting sick and going to the doctor.  And it doesn’t matter how old you are . . . nobody, nobody likes to get a shot!  But it’s always nice to have good friends who make sure that you take care of yourself.  And that’s just what Jonathan does as he makes sure Liat and Eran find their way to the doctor.


דוקטור (רופא) עם סטטוסקופ


No worries, though, in Learn Hebrew Pod shiur mispar shloshim ve-shalosh, we will still have fun while learning such “un-fun” words as a stuffy nose, cold, sneezing, allergies, and medication.  We’ll meet a special preposition unique to Hebrew--ezzel--and we’ll see that (unlike in English), a sentence in Hebrew with an indirect object always includes a preposition.



And somehow we’ll have time for all this between Liat and Eran’s sneezes!  (Did you know that, in Hebrew, instead of saying “bless you” when somebody sneezes, we actually say “to your health?”)



Fortunately, Dr. Nimrod was able to prescribe Eran and Liat some medication to keep their colds from turning into something more serious . . . and most important, no shots!  So while getting sick isn’t fun, going to the doctor doesn’t have to be all bad.  If you’re good, maybe you’ll get a lollipop!  Here’s to your health . . . la-bri-ut!!






Team Conversation from the Lesson:



Jonathan: shalom uvruchim ha-ba-im le-shi-ur mispar sholoshim ve-shalosh -

Eran: Lesson number thirty-three.

Liat: Of Learn Hebrew Pod (sneezes). Your Online Multimedia Hebrew Learning… (sneezes)

Eran: Center… labri-ut, zay gezunt - God Bless you!

Jonathan: Liat, hakol beseder? – Is everything OK?

Eran: at margisha tov? - Are you feeling well?

Liat: Yes guys, toda… I just have a bit of a cold - ani kzzat mezzunenetIt’s been like this for the last few days - ze kacha kvar kama yamim (sneezes)


מתעטשת


Eran and Jonathan: labri-ut!

Jonathan: Have you seen a Doctor? -

Eran: ken, ra-it rofe?

Liat: Well actually… I don’t really like going to the Doctor…




Eran: OHH…. ani yode-a ma at omeret Liat - I know what you’re saying Liat, ani gam lo o-hev lalachet la-rofe - I don’t like going to the Doctor either, aval lif-amim - but sometimes … (sneezes)

(Liat sneezes as well - Liat gam ken mit-ateshet)

Jonathan: Guys - chevre (laughing) Ohhh… You both sound like you could use a short visit to the Doctor. atem ulay mezzunanim - you might have a cold, o mashe-hu yoter rezzini - or something more serious… ve…

Liat: Jonathan, ani lo choshevet she-ani zzaricha lalecht la-rofe - I don't think that I need go to the Doctor. It’s probably just the weather - mezeg ha-avir


שינויי מזג האוויר


Eran: ken, Yonatan, as the weather - mezeg ha-avir, has just changed dramatically over the last few days, and it has become very cold - na-asa me-od karAlso, it has been raining heavily, the last few days - gam me-od gashum ba-yamim ha-achronim. Many people respond to these changes with different symptoms… sneezing… runny nose - nazelet, headache - ke-ev rosh (sneezes) 

Liat: Eran, I think Jonathan is right - ani choshevet she-Yonatan zzodek, we probably should go see a Doctor… you know what? I know a great Doctor - ani makira rofe me-ule… 


להתעטש


Eran: ken… aval - but… I'm not crazy about Doctors… they sometimes give you…

Liat: al tid-ag, EranThe Doctor I know - ha-rofe she-ani makira, Doctor Nimrod, is an excellent Doctor - rofe mezzu-yan. His "finger isn’t light on the trigger" :) meaning, he won't automatically give you an injection – zrika. Well… not unless you need one…



תרופות וזריקה


(Eran sneezes)

Jonathan: ze-hu ze chevre - that's it guys. Liat, if you know this Doctor, and if he is available today, by all means, go ahead and make an appointment. yalla!

Eran: tov, Yonatan, ata zzodek - you're right. But we still have our lesson to record - yesh lanu shi-ur le-haklit. You said you'd like to talk about the declension of prepositions in Hebrew…

Liat: nachon Eran, but still, let me first call the Doctor and find out if and when he's available.

Jonathan: Good Idea Liat. The phone is in the other room.

Liat: No problem - eyn be-ad ma.

...







       

Some Grammar from This Lesson:

Sentence Structure



Jonathan: Okay! To get a better understanding of our main topic in today's lesson, let's start by refreshing our memory regarding the sentence structure.

Grammatically, a sentence, whether it's in English or in Hebrew is comprised of two basic essential elements.  These two essential elements are the subject and the predicate.


מבנה המשפט

         

Eran: The subject is the part of the sentence which we discuss, the subject of discussion. The predicate is the part of the sentence in which something is being said about the subject.

Jonathan: In order to say something about the subject, the predicate is either:

An adjective - A description of the subject, such as in the sentence 'the girl is beautiful'.

Or

A verb, indicating an action taken by the subject, such as in the sentence 'the girl is eating'


פעלים


Eran: When the predicate is a verb, meaning a verbal predicate, it is sometimes accompanied by an object or description component. Either of these are considered complementary components of the verbal predicate.  

This girl you just mentioned, Jonathan, might be eating fast 'the girl is eating fast', that's a description. Or I can say what she's eating 'the girl is eating a salad'. 

So, the complementary component to the verb in this case is an object. Answering the question what the girl is eating.

Jonathan: So… there are two types of complements to the verbal predicate. A description OR an object. 

In other words, when the element that 'completes' the verb is not a description, it is an object.


מילות יחס



We use prepositions as a connecting element. In our case, the connection is done between the verb and its complement.  Again, prepositions are specific words with specific functions for connecting words in a sentence, in our case verbs to nouns.

Eran: In English, Objects fall into three classes:

·         Direct objects,

·         Prepositional indirect objects

And

·         Non-prepositional indirect objects.

Jonathan: The first class: the direct object, as understood by its name, doesn't use prepositions. It is DIRECT. In Hebrew though, when the object is particular, we use the word 'et' for connecting the verb to its particular direct object.   The use of the 'et' word in Hebrew has been thoroughly explained on our last lessons.


         

Eran: The second class of objects is the prepositional indirect object.

He went to Jerusalem

And in Hebrew:

hu nasa le-yerushala-im.

In this case, in English we use the preposition 'to' and when translating into Hebrew, we use its equivalent 'le':

To Jerusalem – le-Yerushala-im


ירושליים



*Read and listen to the Full Hebrew Grammar Discussion - Join the Learn Hebrew Pod Intermediate Speaking Hebrew Program.