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Hebrew Lesson Number 58:

A Visit to the University

One of Learn Hebrew Pod’s students has written to us with some incredible news…kol hakavod James! In this lesson, we’ll hear all about his big decision and help him to get ready for life on campus.

Some Grammar from This Lesson:

The Infinitive Form in Hebrew - Guttural Letters


Liat: We have also mentioned that the infinitive construct does not exist in two of the seven Hebrew building blocks: the Huf-al, which is the passive building block partner for the Hif-il, and the Pu-al, which is the passive building block partner for the Pi-el. It is very common in all of the other five Hebrew building blocks.

Dan, Jonathan and Liat

Our Advanced Level Hebrew Teachers

Dan: We have reviewed its structure in the Pa-al and the Nif-al building blocks as it appears when all of the root letters are ‘regular’ letters. In lesson 58-B we will continue reviewing the structure of the infinitive construct in the Pi-elPu-al and Hitpa-el building blocks, again, when all the root letters are ‘regular’ letters.

אותיות גרוניות

Jonathan: nachon! But since, in our Intermediate Level lessons we already became familiar with Pa-al conjugations in which the third root letter is a guttural one, in this lesson we will review the structure of the infinitive construct when the third root letter is either a ‘hey’ or an ‘alef’. Let’s start by reviewing the case in which it is a ‘hey’.

He drank – shata

To drink – lishtot

He hung - tala

To hang - litlot

Dan: As we have learned, in Pa-al, the ‘lamed’ comes with an ‘I’ sound ‘li’ and the root letters in the form of ‘ktol’. (Where the K stands for the first root letter, the T stands for the second root letter and the L for the third). When the third root letter is a ‘hey’, it changes into a ‘taf’ and with that, the ‘ktol’ form is retained. So for the verb shata, the ‘ktol’ form is now ‘shtot’. Together with the ’li’ prefix, we get: lishtot.


Liat: And for the verb ‘tala’, the ‘ktol’ form is now ‘tlot’. Together with the ‘li’ prefix, we get: litlot.


Jonathan: As we noted in Lesson 57,  it is very important to remember that when the first or second letter of the root is  ‘bet’‘pey’ or ‘kaf’, they are of course subject to the ‘dagesh kal’ rules.

Liat: Turned is pana, as the ‘pey’ appears here in the beginning of the word, it gets a ‘dagesh kal’. In the infinitive form, the ‘pey’ comes after the ‘li’. It is no longer at the beginning of the word and hence pronounced in its ‘light sound’ as ‘fey’ – lifnot.

Learn Hebrew Pod - Lesson No. 58

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